Corporatisation of universities deepens inequalities by ignoring social injustices and restricting access to higher education

R. Dlamini

Abstract


There has been an unprecedented demand for equitable access to post-secondary education post 1994, perhaps because of the change in policies broadening participation of black people in traditional institutions of higher learning in South Africa. The dramatic increase of people of colour attending institutions of higher learning coincided with shrinking government subsidies, which led to universities redesigning their identity according to corporate culture. Thus, they turned to double digit fee increases and persistent long-term outsourcing of services to overcome the problem of funding insecurities. However, it is not clear how corporatization of institutions of higher education enables equitable access and efficient delivery of higher education to the majority of blacks who were previously disadvantaged by apartheid policies. The primary objective of this paper is to conduct a meta-synthesis of a systematically retrieved sample of empirical academic literature to present an argument on the systemic deficits in corporatization of higher education and the corporate identity which distort the ideal university. The PRISMA statement is followed to ensure transparent and complete synthesis of the literature reviewed to maintain the integrity of individual studies. Thereafter, the paper presents a detailed account of how corporatization of universities deepens inequalities; ignores social injustices and restricts access to higher education. In addition, the paper makes a claim that corporatization of universities impairs the academic quality and freedom of the university as well as portrays education as ‘private good’ for self-actualization.


Keywords


Corporatisation of Universities; Education as Private Good; Restricting Access to Higher Education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdi, A. A. (1999). Identity formations and deformations in South Africa: A historical and contemporary overview. Journal of Black Studies, 30(2), 147-163.

Badat, S. (2010). The challenges of transformation in higher education and training institutions in South Africa. Development Bank of Southern Africa, 8.

Bedard, K. (2001). Human capital versus signaling models: university access and high school dropouts. Journal of Political Economy, 109(4), 749-775.

Benedict, Ruth F. 1945. Race and Racism. London, England: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Blass, E. (2005). The rise and rise of the corporate university. Journal of European Industrial Training, 29(1), 58-74.

Blauner, Robert. 1972. Racial Oppression in America. New York: Harper and Row.

Cameron, K. S. (1986). A study of organizational effectiveness and its predictors. Management Science, 32, 87-112.

Cameron, K. S. (1978). Measuring organizational effectiveness in institutions of higher education. Administrative Science Quarterly, 23, 604-632.

Clark, B. R. (1960). The" cooling-out" function in higher education. American journal of Sociology, 569-576.

Chau, P. (2010). Online higher education commodity. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 22(3), 177-191.

Dlamini, R. (2016). The global ranking tournament: A dialectic analysis of higher education in South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education,30(2), 53-72.

Giroux, H. A. (2009). Democracy’s nemesis: The rise of the corporate university. Cultural Studies↔ Critical Methodologies.

Giroux, H. (2002). Neoliberalism, corporate culture, and the promise of higher education: The university as a democratic public sphere. Harvard educational review, 72(4), 425-464.

Habib, A. 2014. Transcending the past and reimagining the future of the South African University. Inaugural Lecture. (accessed 1 December 2014).

http://www.wits.ac.za/files/5b4ds_167906001417166876.pdf

Heller, D. E. (1997). Student price response in higher education: An update to Leslie and Brinkman. Journal of higher education, 624-659.

Karen, D. (1991). The politics of class, race, and gender: Access to higher education in the United States, 1960-1986. American Journal of Education, 208-237.

Keto, T. C. (1990). Pre-industrial education policies and practices in South Africa. Pedagogy of domination: Toward a democratic education in South Africa, 19-42.

Magubane, B. (1979). The political economy of race and class in South Africa (Vol. 506). New York: Monthly Review Press.

McLean, D. (1999). Neocolonizing the mind? Emergent trends in language policy for South African education. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 136(1), 7-26.

Morris-Hale, W. (1996). Conflict and harmony in multi-ethnic societies: An international perspective. New York: Peter Lang

Nadolny, A., & Ryan, S. (2015). McUniversities revisited: a comparison of university and McDonald's casual employee experiences in Australia.Studies in Higher Education, 40(1), 142-157.

Ndlovu-Gatsheni, S. J. (2012). Coloniality of power in development studies and the impact of global imperial designs on Africa. Australasian Review of African Studies, The, 33(2), 48.

Ndlovu-Gatsheni, S. J. & Chambati, W. (2013). Coloniality of Power in Postcolonial Africa. Myths of Decolonization. CODESRIA Book Series.

Ndlovu-Gatsheni, S. J. (2012). Coloniality of power in development studies and the impact of global imperial designs on Africa. Australasian Review of African Studies, The, 33(2), 48.

Ritzer, G. 1993. The McDonaldization of society: An investigation into the changing character of contemporary social life. Newbury Park, CA: Pine Forge Press.

Schiller, H. I. (1991). Culture, Inc: The corporate takeover of public expression. Oxford University Press on Demand.

Smart, J. C., Kuh, G. D., & Tierney, W. G. (1997). The roles of institutional cultures and decision approaches in promoting organizational effectiveness in two-year colleges. Journal of Higher Education, 256-281.

Suransky, C., & Van der Merwe, J. C. (2016). Transcending apartheid in higher education: transforming an institutional culture. Race Ethnicity and Education, 19(3), 577-597.

Tierney, W. G. (1988). Organizational culture in higher education: Defining the essentials. Journal of Higher Education, 59, 2-21.

van den Berghe, Pierre. 1967. Race and Racism: A Comparative Perspective. New York: John Wiley and Sons.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20853/32-5-2162

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


eISSN: 1753-5913

Copyright © 2016 South African Journal of Higher Education

Hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2016.

Creative Commons License -CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Disclaimer:
This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.