Conceptualisation of an ethical risk assessment for higher education institutions

A. Grobler, A.L. Horne


This article examines an ethical risk assessment conducted in one of South African largest higher education institutions. A statistical analysis of 1 687 respondents participating in the original ethical risk assessment survey was conducted. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a higher order, multidimensional model of three main factors, namely institutional ethical leadership orientation, individual/employee ethical orientation and institutional student-centeredness/orientation. Based on this examination and analysis this three-factor structure provides sufficient evidence of a conceptual ethical framework to be further tested empirically and used within higher education institutions.


conceptual ethical framework; ethical risk assessment; ethics risk questionnaire; ethical virtue cultures; ethical climate criteria: higher education institutions.

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